Posts Tagged ‘Black History’

PostHeaderIcon BLACK HISTORY FACTS: INVENTIONS BY BLACKS

By Vernalee
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The history books left us out. Many contributions, inventions, and discoveries by Black Americans were omitted.
For example, in my native Mississippi where cotton was king, Eli Whitney was credited with inventing the cotton gin, but it was speculated that a Black man was at the helm of this invention and process.
Much was stolen, but the truth always manages to rise above ignorance.
This past Friday, a colleague asked me about a Black History program that was being taught to youngsters at her church. I hadn’t recently thought much about inventions made by the hands of Black Americans, so I did a little research. I knew about many of the obvious ones, but I discovered so many new facts unknown to me. What an amazing historical journey I encountered! Because of the enormity, all could not be included. However, some of the salient ones are listed below. Here is what I found.
Top Inventions by Blacks:
1. George Washington Carver – Invented 300 uses for Peanuts.
2. Protective Mail Box – Philip Downing.
3. Blood Bank – Dr. Charles Drew.
4. Walker Hair Care System – Sarah Breedlove known as Madame Walker. ( I.e. The straighten comb).
5. Carbon Filament Light Bulb, Lewis Latimer.
6. Elijah McCoy – Automatic Oil Cup.
7. Jan Matzeliger – The Shoe Lasting Machine.
8. Granville T. Woods – The Multiplex Telegraph.
9. George Crum – Potato Chips.
10.Sarah Goode – Folding Bed.
Below are Inventions that are not widely known with some not being attributed to the wisdom of Black people: (Dates and patent numbers are listed).
. Air Conditioner Unit Design – Frederick Jones 4/28/42 D132,182
. Art Museum Design (Philadelphia) – Julian Abele 4/29/1881
. Baby Carriage Safety Leveler – William Richardson 6/18/1889 405,599
. Bicycle Frame Folding/Separating Version – Isaac Johnson 10/10/1899 634,823
. Blimp (Air Ship) Modern Version – John Pickering 2/20/1900 643,975
This blimp (i.e., air ship) was the first to be powered by an electric motor and to have directional controls.
. Bridge Safety Gate – Humphrey Reynolds 10/7/1890 437,937
. Chair Folding – John Purdy (& Daniel Sadgwar) 6/11/1889 405,117
. Clock – Benjamin Banneker 2/6/1753
. Clothes Drier — Modern Forerunner George Sampson 6/7/1892 476,416
. Computer World’s Fastest – Philip Emeagwali 1989
. Curtain Rod – Samuel Scottron 8/30/1892 481,720
. Dry Cleaning Process – Thomas Jennings 3/3/1821 3306X
. Elevator Automatic Electric Shaft Closing – Alexander Miles 10/11/1887 371,207
. Fire Escape Portable – Daniel McCree 11/11/1890 440,322
. Fire Extinguisher Improvement – Thomas Martin 3/26/1872 125,063
. Firemen’s Mobile Ladder – Joseph Winter 5/7/1878 203,517
. Gas Mask – Garrett Morgan 10/13/14 1,113,675
. Golf Tee – Dr. George Grant 12/12/1899 638,920
. Heart (Open Heart) Surgery – Dr. Daniel Hale Williams 7/9/1893
. Heating Furnace Ventilation System – Alice Parker 12/19/19 1,325,905
.Ice Cream Method and Recipes – Augustus Jackson 1832
.Ice Cream Scooper Spring Loaded – Alfred Cralle 2/2/1897 576,395
.Ironing Board Improvement – Sarah Boone 4/26/1892 473,653
.Lawn Mower Improved, Rotary Blade – John Burr 5/9/1899 624,749
.Lawn Sprinkler Swiveling – Joseph Smith 5/4/1897 581,785
.Library Design (Free Library — Phila.) – Julian Abele 4/21/1881
.Lock Modern – Washington Martin 7/23/1889 407,738
.Mail Box Phillip Downing 10/27/1891 462,093
.Overnight Delivery Package Receptacle- Folarin Sosan 1997
.Pants Modern Suspenders – Archia Ross 11/28/1899 638,068
.Pencil Sharpener – John Love 11/23/1897 594,114
.The “Real McCoy” – Elijah McCoy 4/2/1843 Born
The term “The Real McCoy” is used to describe anything that is of excellent quality.
.Refrigeration Transport System – Frederick Jones 7/12/49 2,303,857
Although he patented it in 1949, he actually invented it in 1935.
.Security System, Home – Marie Brown 12/2/69
.Statue of Liberty — A Black Female 1875
.Thermostat and Temperature Control System – Frederick Jones 2/23/60 2,926,005
.Toilet Modern Bathroom Features – Thomas Elkins 1/9/1872 122,518
.Traffic Signal – Garrett Morgan 11/20/23 1,475,024
.Trolley Electric Railway – Elbert Robinson 9/19/1893 505,370
.Typewriter Improvement – Lee Burridge (& Newman Marshman) 4/7/1885 315,366
.Watch U.S. (Refer Above To Clock) – Benjamin Banneker 2/6/1753
.Weather Forecasting Computerized – Philip Emeagwali 1989
.Wrench Updated – Jack Johnson 4/18/22 1,413,121
This is the very same Jack Johnson who became the world’s first Black heavyweight champ.
.Wheelchair Stair Climbing – Rufus Weaver 11/19/68 3,411,598.
Knowing our history is empowering and enlightening. It produces pride. Read, learn, and grow!
Happy Black History Month!
Photo credit: www.merchantcircle.com

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